No matter how much we’ve read about our country, it’s never enough. But ours is a generation that likes reading things that are short, quick and informative. Thus, on our 69th Independence Day, we summed up 15 facts about India’s independence that we think every Indian should know. Take a look.
1. Our current national flag had a number of iterations. The version you know today was made by Pingali Venkayya at Bezwada in 1921.
Initially, the two dominant colours, saffron and green, represented the two prominent communities. The idea of the white strip in the middle and the Ashok Chakra was given by Mahatma Gandhi. The white shade represented other communities and the Chakra was seen as a symbol of progress. According to another theory, it is believed that saffron stands for courage and sacrifice, green represents faith and chivalry, and white is the symbol of peace. The current national flag was adopted by India on July 22, 1947.
2. Only Khadi Development and village industries have the license to produce or supply our national flag.
3. We did not have a national anthem on our first Independence day.
The Bengali version of ‘Jana Gana Mana’ was written in 1911. But it was adopted as our national anthem only in 1950.
4. It’s hard to believe this one, but Mahatma Gandhi was not a part of the first Independence Day celebration.
Gandhiji was fasting in protest against the Hindu-Muslim riots that were taking place in Bengal.
5. Lord Mountbatten was forced to attend the Independence Day of both India and Pakistan, which is why he brought forward Pakistan’s Independence Day on 14th August.
6. Lord Mountbatten chose 15th August as India’s Independence Day because it honoured the second anniversary of Japan’s surrender to the Allied forces.
7. South Korea, Republic of Congo, and Liechtenstein share their Independence Day with India.
8. Mahatama Gandhi wanted the Congress Party to disband as its objective to attain freedom had been achieved.
A day before Gandhi’s assassination, he had written a ‘draft constitution of Congress’.
9. Goa was a Portuguese state when India became independent. It became a part of the Indian union in 1961.
10. Our first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru was a style icon. He featured in an issue of Vogue Magazine.
Sadly, he didn’t make it to the cover page and we couldn’t manage a picture from there either. But here’s one from Life magazine where he looks really classy. Nehru’s unique dressing sense became a worldwide trend. The Nehru jacket was listed as a ‘global fashion trend’ by Time magazine.